Article written by CEMP's team
The history of biotechnology is actually directly linked to that of human beings. Thus, even before being considered a scientific discipline, it was part of our ancestors’ daily lives.
In any case, in this article we aim to examine what are the main milestones in the evolution of this exciting knowledge field. Keep reading to learn all the details.
Before going deep into the history of biotechnology, it’s worth remembering the definition of this scientific field. According to the United Nations’ Convention of Biological Diversity in 1992, it can be defined in the following terms:
Biotechnology is “any technological application that uses biological systems and living organisms or their derivatives for the creation or modification of products or processes for specific uses.”
Following this definition, we can say the history of biotechnology practically runs parallel to the history of human beings.
Some of the main discoveries of practical uses of biotechnology include:
This long initial stage of biotechnology comprises thousands of years where practical and increasingly sophisticated knowledge has been accumulated, although still not seen through a scientific approach.
During this particularly fruitful stage in the history of biotechnology, numerous scientific discoveries took place that started to organize and systematize previous knowledge. Besides, a scientific foundation was set for a great variety of biological phenomena, upon the basis of direct observation and experimentation.
In this regard, we could cite the following main milestones in the history of biotechnology timeline during that period:
In an analogue manner to other scientific fields, the 20th century represented an enormous advancement for the history of biotechnology.
Thus, apart from the fact that the term “biotechnology” started being used again, we can highlight the following discoveries throughout the century:
At the present moment, the field of biotechnology is particularly promising, as scientists are deepening their knowledge around the advancements made in the last century and opening new pathways that hadn’t been explored before.
The role of biotechnology in the agro-food industry hasn’t ceased to grow and, of course, so has its role in the medical sector. Thus, even if faced with a number of important challenges, both in terms of finding economical funding as well as responding to bioethical questions, its perspectives are still very promising.
Without a doubt, this field of study will continue to bring about exciting news in the coming decades.
Now that you know the history of biotechnology a bit better, are you ready to contribute to it? If you want to complete your training and improve your professional skills in this particular field of study, our Master’s in Molecular Biology represents a wonderful option.
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